Do you have an irrigation system for your greenhouse? You may be thinking it is not very important to have this when you can just manually supply water on your plants, but if you want what is best for your greenhouse, having an irrigation system will help you work on your crops better and easier.
An irrigation system is very important in growing your plants and keeping them healthy. With this system, you are able to control the moisture in your greenhouse so that you can be sure your plants are receiving just the right amount of water. When you have this irrigation system, you will not have to always be on guard and monitor your plants. The system will do it for you.
There are many types of irrigation systems. Each type may have several various functions that are suited for your greenhouse. Here are some types and what benefits you can get from them:
1. Misting Irrigation and Spray System
Misting irrigation systems generally help fend off plant diseases, minimize plant stress and increase plant growth rates by emitting fine mist onto the soil and distributing the moisture that is needed for propagating plants and germinating seeds. It is the best choice for you if you own a greenhouse that is full of seeds that need to be watered regularly.
This type of irrigation system will keep the surroundings consistently cool, moist, and humid at all times, and therefore, establishing an ideal environment for your greenhouse. They are usually automatic which makes your watering activities very effortless.
2. Overhead Spray Systems/Spinner Sprinklers
This type of irrigation system is ideal for big greenhouses and polytunnels and is great for plants that can allow wet foliage. This system works by raising the moisture levels of areas that have not been planted on which is essential for preparing the unused areas for planting in the future. Therefore, it is very suitable for watering small plants that are transplanted prior to being placed in a garden or a flower bed.
Also, the overhead sprinklers come with pipes that are placed just above the plants and include nozzles that you can adjust to vary the spray ranges. Overhead sprinklers usually come with automatic controllers that will allow you to control and monitor your watering activities. They also let you schedule the perfect time for your system to spray or release water onto the ground. This is a very useful function and it will be great if you got the best sprinkler controller in the market.
3. Drip/Micro-drip/Seep Hose Irrigation System
The drip/micro-drip or seep hose irrigation system is a type of irrigation system that is ideal for any size of greenhouses and can be used for all purposes. It works by releasing water at set intervals all throughout the day. It uses a series of overhead hoses and small tubes with spray stakes at their ends which allow the water to drip. This system can either be mounted on a surface or buried deep within the ground.
If your greenhouse is full of plants that require constant watering and should never be left dry, this irrigation system will allow slow water dripping without wasting too much water. With this system, you will be able to conserve water as your watering activity will be well-regulated and timed.
4. Mat Irrigation
This type of irrigation system is perfect for small greenhouses. It is ideally used by beginners or novice growers since it does not require a very high maintenance.
Mat irrigation systems rely mainly on a water reservoir that can be topped up once or twice a week. It uses seed capillary mats or self-watering trays which absorb water from the reservoir and thus, making the mat consistently wet. When the plants are placed on the mats, they are able to have an access to water whenever they need it. The mats will keep the plants hydrated for as long as you have water in your reservoir.
Furthermore, this irrigation system will allow you to create a humid atmosphere for your greenhouse. This will promote a more rapid plant growth and will help you conserve more water and cut down your costs of bills.
5. Ebb & Flow Bench Irrigation System
This is a very efficient system that works by flooding a bench that has a perimeter lip. The perimeter lip is the one responsible for holding the water. If your greenhouse has plants that are placed in containers, you can put them in the flooded bench and the plants will then absorb the water and the nutrients that flow through the bottom of the plant containers.
This irrigation system does not require so much effort which means you can save up on a cost of labor. It will also help you save more water and prevent your water bill from shooting up.
6. Hand Watering
This one must be the most basic form of irrigation and it can be very labor intensive especially when you have so many plants in your greenhouse. Nevertheless, it is still good for adjusting water application on each plant. With this form of irrigation, you will be able to closely examine each plant in your greenhouse every time you water them down.
So What Type of an Irrigation System Does Your Greenhouse Need?
Whether you have a small or a large greenhouse, it is very important that you have a reliable irrigation system that can help you maintain and grow all your plants and crops. Of course, it is not just enough that you choose and decide on any form of irrigation.
You need to fully determine what your greenhouse needs so you will know what type of irrigation system is perfect for you. You need to be very realistic about the size of your greenhouse and the kinds of plants you plan to grow. And lastly, you have to make sure that you can afford the irrigation system that you think will fit your needs perfectly.